What makes a toilet work?
The simple but ingenious mechanics of the flush toilet have barely changed since Thomas Crapper first invented the "water closet" in the nineteenth century. The toilet, though not the most glamourous of home fixtures, plays a very important role in waste management and hygiene. Unless it did its job carrying away waste and keeping smelly sewer gasses from invading our living space, we'd all be in deep doo-doo. So how does this baby work? Most toilets come in two pieces: a tank, which is attached to a bowl (the part that is attached to the floor.) There are also one piece toilets. The toilet is ready for action when the tank and bowl are both partially filled with water. In side the bowl there is an s-shaped passage, or trap, that stays filled with water, forming a barrier against sewer gas. To set the flushing in motion, you turn or push the handle or trip lever on the tank, which lifts a stopper between the tank and bowl. The water in the tank whooshes into the bowl, sending all waste down the waste pipe into the main drain, into the sewer line, where it becomes the city's responsibility. The water flowing into the bowl also cleans the bowl. The toilet fills itself with water automatically. In a standard two-piece toilet, as the water flows out during the flushing stage, a float ball drops. This activates a water valve, known as a ball cock, which lets water into the tank. The rising water in the tank raises the float to the proper level, switching off the ball cock. The toilet is once again ready to do its duty.
Fixtures Frequently Asked Questions
What types of finishes are available for american standard fixtures?
What's the story on brass fixtures?
How do manufacturer protect brass finishes?
What's the story on chrome finishes?
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What are distressed finishes?
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What's the story on Oil Rubbed Bronze finishes.
What's the story on Solid bronze
When should plumber's putty not be used.
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Which size lavatory faucet do I need?
Why buy a Kohler faucet?
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How do I know when my aerator is kaput?
How do I take out and clean a faucet aerator.
How do I know if I have a washerless faucet?
How to identify stem type from cartridge type faucets?
What if my aerator is dead?
How do I make sure I get the right replacement piece for my faucet?
How do I replace a cartridge faucet
Do I always have to buy a new cartrdige when it leaks?
How do I repair a leaky stem-type faucet
After replacing the washers my faucet still leaks. What now?
How can a new sink reinvigorate my bathroom?
What is a lavatory?
What is a vessel sink?
What about sinks?
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How do I accessorize a guest bathroom?
What paper holder options are there?
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How do I hang towel bars?
Where does the Towel Ring go?
What additional tips do yu have for outfitting a guest bathroom?
How can I jazz up my bathroom's décor.
What tips on bathroom shower curtains?
How do I choose a shower curtain
What are the newestbathroom decorating trends?
Design trends in shower enclosures
What décor tips are there for showers?
What to look for in a showerhead?
What is the difference between a spa, hot tub Jacuzzi and whirlpool?
How do I shop for a Jacuzzi or hot tub?
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What kinds of faucets are for Jacuzzis?
Besides the faucet what other accessories should I get?
Hot tub and spa? What's the difference?
Why buy Price Pfister?
Why use genuine Price Pfister replacement parts?
What causes faucet leaks?
What's new from Price Pfister kitchen faucets?
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What are the pros and cons of acrylic?
What shapes do kitchen sinks come in?
What kind of bowl depth and options are there?
What's a top-mounted sink?
What is an under mount sink?
What is a farmhouse or apron sink?
Can a porecelain bowl be customized?
What are the décor advantages of a glass sink?
What other materials are used in bath room sinks?
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What are the advantages of a stainlsess steel sink?
What's new in kitchen sink faucets?
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What can I do myself?
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What is a standard framed vanity cabinet?
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Whick kitchen appliance finishes require less attention?
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What advantages of a hot water dispenser?
What's a hot and cold water dispenser?
What is a rough in and why is it important?
What types of toilets are available?
What makes a toilet work?
How do I install a toilet?
What are the most common mistakes in installing a toilet?
Which type faucet works with a pedestal sink?
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What are the pros and cons of a porcelain sink?